Uruñuela our village
ZINIO Bodegas belongs to Uruñuela municipality, a town located 3 km away from Nájera and 23 km from Logroño. It has a total area of almost 14 km2 and a population of 976 inhabitants, whose demonym is “Storkies.”
It is named in different documents as Eruñuela, Oriñuela, Oroñuela y Uruñuela. Founded in the 10th century by the King García Sánchez III from Navarra, nicknamed “García from Nájera” with the purpose of repopulating Riojan lands after the Muslim invasion. In a 1052 document, kept in the General archive of Simancas, the first mention of Uruñuela is made, stating the disappeared church of San Sebastián among those added to Santa María la Real of Nájera ‘Herditatem San Sebastián de Eruñuela.
It was included in the inheritance left by Pedro Fernández II from Velasco and Beatriz Manrique to their offspring, as stated by a writing from April 14, 1458. In 1518, it was still in possession of the Manriques, as it is known that there were disputes between Luis Manrique and his brother over the lands of Uruñuela and Alesanco. Charles I of Spain granted it the title of villa, because of the support people from the town gave Antonio Manrique of Lara, second Duke of Nájera, to take the castle of Malpica in Nájera after being occupied by the “comuneros.”
Agriculture and, specifically, viticulture, is nowadays the main source of income of the villa, but it has not always played a role as strong as it does now. In 1951, after a hailstorm that destroyed most of the crops, 120 people emigrated to other regions of Spain, including Basque Country, where today almost all inhabitants have relatives in this region. In 1957, the canal of the right bank of the Najerilla was inaugurated and, with the protection of the irrigated land, agriculture began a spectacular upturn that has turned the area into one of the regions with the highest per capita income.
Livestock and industry in the municipality are also noteworthy, as there are poultry and pig farms. Moreover, numerous construction companies are established in the villa: metallurgy companies, plow and concrete companies.
At the beginning of 2020, the population of the municipality amounted to 976 inhabitants.